Patterson Animal Hospital

Feline Wellness

Feline Preventive Health - Common Infectious Diseases
May 20, 2010 (published) | January 19, 2011 (revised)
Barb Burri, MBA, CVT, LVT and Charlotte Waack, AA, AAS, BS, CVT, RVT
DiseaseCauseTransmissionSymptomsTestingTreatment

Client Education
(handout from www.veterinarypartner.com)

Calicivirus
Virus
Oral/nasal exposure, aerosolized droplets
Fever, nasal and ocular discharge, anorexia, oral ulcers
Clinical presentation; titer can be run
Supportive care including antibiotics, cage rest and fluids
 
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus
Retrovirus
Bites are the primary route, shed in saliva of positive cats
Stomatitis, gingivitis, periodontal disease, respiratory issues, intestinal problems, skin problems recurrent urinary tract infections
ELISA; Western Blot test
No specific treatment; treat each condition as it is presented
Feline Infectious Peritonitis Feline Enteric Corona Virus Mother-kitten is main form of transmission, virus is also secreted via oral and respiratory systems, can be transmitted by feces Fever, anorexia, dehydration, anemia, vomiting, diarrhea, distended abdomen, jaundice Clinical presentation Supportive care; once clinical illness develops it is always fatal Feline Infectious Peritonitis
Feline Leukemia Virus Retrovirus Cat to cat bites, grooming, oronasal contact with infectious saliva, transplacental and transmammary Upper respiratory issues, persistent diarrhea, gingivitis, fever, chronic infection; many symptoms can point to Feline Leukemia Virus infection ELISA, IFA, PCR Supportive care of the symptoms patient presents with Feline Leukemia Virus
Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis Feline Herpes Virus Aerosol exposure, contact with contaminated fomite Sneezing, nasal and ocular discharge, fever, anorexia Clinical presentation Antibiotics to treat secondary infections; ophthalmic ointments Feline Upper Respiratory Infection
Panleukopenia Feline Parvovirus Direct contact with animal or secretions, oropharyngeal contact with contaminated fomite (such as hands, tables, clothes) Sudden onset diarrhea, vomiting, severe dehydration ELISA, CBC Supportive care including fluids to restore electrolyte balance, antibiotics to treat secondary infection Feline Distemper (Panleukopenia)

Non-species specific

DiseaseCauseTransmissionSymptomsTestingTreatment

Client Education

Rabies
Viral encephalitis Animal bites, transplacental, transmammary, eating a dead rabid animal Altered behavior, aggressiveness, progressive paralysis, death Immunofluorescence Antibody Technique None Rabies

Revised 1/19/11

Cat Vaccinations

Vaccinations are one of the key components to your cats health. Vaccinations keep your cat and your family safe from preventable diseases. Our veterinarians will design a customized vaccine schedule for your kitten, adult cat and senior cat based on his or her lifestyle and needs. Our vaccine recommendations are always based on up-to-date research and the incidence of disease in our area to maximize protection against the diseases your cat is likely to be exposed to.

Vaccines are divided into two classes, “core” vaccines and “non-core” vaccines. Core vaccines are recommended for all cats, and non-core vaccines are recommended for cats depending on their lifestyle.


Core cat vaccines include:

  • Rabies
  • Feline panleukopenia (distemper)
  • Feline viral rhinotracheitis
  • Feline calicivirus,

Non-core cat vaccines include:

  • Feline leukemia (FeLV)
  • Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP)
  • Bordetella
  • Chlamydophila

The vaccination requirements and schedule varies for kittens, adult cats, and senior cats. Please call us today to schedule a wellness exam and vaccinations for your cat.


Parasite Control

A cat's health is at risk if not treated monthly for internal and external parasites. There are many options to choose from to keep your pet healthy. Our staff would be glad to give recommendations for your pet.