Patterson Animal Hospital

Canine Wellness

Canine Preventive Health - Common Infectious Diseases

May 20, 2010 (published) | October 11, 2011 (revised)

Barb Burri, MBA, CVT, LVT and Charlotte Waack, AA, AAS, BS, CVT, RVT
Client Education
(handout from
Canine DistemperVirusAirborne droplets; direct contactOcular and nasal discharge, fever, appetite decrease, cough, vomiting, diarrhea, seizuresClinical presentation; titer can be run but may not be conclusive if the patient has had a recent vaccinationSupportive care such as antibiotics, intravenous fluids, airway dilatorsDistemper
Canine Infectious Hepatitis (adenovirus)Adenovirus type 1Oral-nasal route exposureFever, anorexia, vomiting/diarrhea, swollen lymph nodesCBC with manual differential, serum chemistry and electrolyteSupportive care such as intravenous fluids, antibiotics, bland diet

Patients should be isolated

CoronavirusVirusInfectious fecal materialSudden onset of diarrhea, color of stool can be orange, loss of appetite and lethargyClinical presentationSupportive care with fluids and electrolytes
Infectious Tracheobronchitis (kennel cough)Bordetella is bacterial; Parainfluenza is viralAerosolized bacteria or virusHacking cough, gagging, excitement induced coughClinical presentation

Antibiotics and rest (cough suppressants may be prescribed also)

Kennel Cough
LeptospirosisBacteriaOral-nasal exposure to urine contaminated water from infected animals; rodents can carry and spread the bacteriaDehydration, fever, anorexia, reluctance to move, vomiting, diarrheaMicroscopic agglutination test (MAT)Antibiotics, supportive care such as intravenous fluidsLeptospirosis
Lyme DiseaseSpirochete called Borrelia burgdorferiBite of the Ixodes tickFever, lethargy, lameness, anorexia, swollen jointsIdexx 4DX Snap test ®; ELISA Immuno blot analysisAntibioticsLyme Disease
ParvovirusVirusFecal oral/nasal route; may also be transmitted by people or fomites (virus on shoes, clothes or items such as exam room tables)Diarrhea (usually bloody), vomiting, fever, anorexia, lethargy, dehydrationELISA antigen test, CBCSupportive care such as fluids, injectable medications (antibiotics, antinausea medications), restrict food for 14-48 hours

Patients must be isolated
What is Parvo?

Non-species specific

DiseaseCauseTransmissionSymptomsTestingTreatmentClient Education
VirusMost commonly transmitted by bites and scratches from infected animals; transplacental, transmammary, and inhalation of infected saliva are also possible routesAltered behavior, aggressiveness, progressive paralysis, deathImmunofluorescence Antibody TechniqueNoneRabies

Date Published: May 22, 2009; Revised 1/23/11

Canine Vaccinations

Parasite Control

There are MANY internal/external parasites that can affect the long term health of your dog. Monthly prevention is key to keeping them healthy. Our staff would be happy to discuss the options and recommend good products for your pet.